Cards on the table: Ex-Parte Injunction Applications- The Imperative of Full Disclosure


In the realm of legal remedies, injunctions stand as a formidable tool, capable of restraining harmful actions or mandating specific conduct. They come in various forms—interim or permanent, prohibitory or mandatory—yet their essence remains consistent: to preserve justice. However, when the urgency of a situation demands immediate action, ex-parte injunction applications emerge as a legal recourse, allowing one party to seek relief without the presence of the opposing party. Yet, this expedited route comes with a crucial caveat: the duty of full disclosure.

Ex-parte injunctions, where one party petitions the court without notifying the other party, are reserved for circumstances of extreme urgency or the necessity of secrecy. This unique legal maneuver grants the applicant relief swiftly before the opposing party can respond. However, it also places a weighty responsibility on the applicant to provide the court with all relevant information, even if it may benefit the opposing side.

Types of situations where without notice injunctions are commonly sought include:

  1. Breaches of Non-Compete Clauses;
  2. Dissipation of asset of an estate;
  3. Trespass to land;
  4. Preventing nuisance; 
  5. Child protection orders;
  6. Stopping the publication of defamatory statement;
  7. Protecting intellectual property; or
  8. Enforcing confidentiality agreements or NDA’s;

At the heart of ex-parte injunction applications lies the duty of full disclosure. This duty demands that the applicant present all material facts to the court, ensuring an informed decision-making process. Failure to disclose pertinent information can result in the dismissal of the application.

Despite the clear ethical imperative of full disclosure, applicants may be tempted to withhold information, either out of fear or strategic calculation. However, such actions often prove counterproductive, jeopardizing the credibility of the application and undermining the trust of the court.

Given the complexities involved, judges often hesitate to grant injunctions without notice. In the notable case of National Commercial Bank v Olint [2009] 1 WLR 1405 Lord Hoffman expressed the view that a judge should refrain from considering such applications unless giving notice would allow the defendant to thwart the injunction’s purpose. The Court emphasized that even a simple telephone call would have been preferable to not giving any notice at all.

The duty of full disclosure must be balanced with the need for swift action in urgent cases. While time may be of the essence, honesty and transparency remain paramount. Thorough investigation and comprehensive disclosure not only fulfill ethical obligations but also strengthen the credibility of the application.

For legal practitioners navigating ex-parte injunction applications, adherence to the duty of full disclosure is essential. Thoroughly investigating the issues, providing a detailed account of events, and maintaining honesty throughout the process are indispensable strategies. 

By laying all cards on the table, applicants not only uphold ethical standards but also bolster the integrity of their case. While the urgency of the situation may be pressing, the importance of transparency cannot be overstated. In the delicate balance between expediency and integrity, the path of honesty ultimately leads to the most favorable outcomes.

Immanuel P.O. Williams is an Associate at Glenn D. Godfrey & Co. LLP. You can reach him at or visit This article is for general information and not legal advice.



In the vibrant landscape of Belize’s Orange Economy, encompassing a diverse array of creative industries, practitioners often find themselves navigating business arrangements without formal contracts. This ad hoc approach, colloquially known as “ketch and kill,” can lead to pitfalls for emerging talents. This article emphasizes the importance of formalizing business agreements through entertainment contracts to protect the rights and interests of creatives.

Understanding the Orange Economy

Defined as the creative economy, the Orange Economy is a rapidly growing sector contributing to 3% of the global GDP, generating $2.25 trillion annually. It is called the Orange Economy because orange is traditionally associated with creativity.

 With Belize making strides in the festival tourism scene, local talents are gaining exposure. As creativity becomes a commercial powerhouse, the need for careful consideration of business arrangements, particularly through contracts, becomes evident.

The Role of Entertainment Contracts

Entertainment contracts serve as binding agreements outlining the terms and conditions of business arrangements between parties. Tailored to the specific needs of the artist and industry, these contracts protect rights and define crucial details such as scope of work, timelines, payment terms, and more. Lack of a formal contract can lead to challenges, as exemplified by DJs facing unexpected situations during events.

Common Pitfalls in Entertainment Contracts

Contracts that fail to address the creative’s needs, often laden with legal jargon and vague performance obligations, can create ambiguity. Clarity is essential, ensuring that the contract aligns with the creative’s brand values and business goals. Additionally, protecting intellectual property (IP) is paramount. Creatives must address the use, management, and distribution of their IP in the contract to safeguard against copyright infringement and trademark violations.

Compensation terms must be explicit to avoid delays or non-payment. Ambiguities in this area can result in creatives not receiving rightful compensation for their work. Legal advisers play a crucial role in implementing mechanisms to protect against such risks.

Best Practices for Negotiating Entertainment Contracts

Force majeure clauses have gained prominence, especially post-pandemic, providing protection when unforeseen circumstances disrupt contractual obligations. Creatives are urged to recognize the value of their reputation and artistry, necessitating due diligence in contractual engagements. Seeking legal advice helps foresee potential liabilities and ensures contracts are enforceable.


Belize’s Orange Economy is a reservoir of talent, making it imperative for creatives to formalize business arrangements through contracts. As the creative industry expands globally, the importance of protecting rights and establishing clear terms cannot be overstated. Before creatives sign the dotted line, it’s crucial to “look before you leap” and seek legal advice to navigate the intricacies of entertainment contracts in the evolving landscape of Belize’s Orange Economy.

Immanuel P.O. Williams is an Associate at Glenn D. Godfrey & Co. LLP. You can reach him at or visit This article is for general information and not legal advice.